This material is a short version of the author’s article in the issues 3, 4 and 5 of the Rybolov-Elite Magazine (Moscow, Russia) for 2011.
Patagonia is cold, southern part of South America to the south from 38º S. It is not a country, but just a geographic conception — the same as Siberia. The western part of Patagonia belongs to Chile (X , XI и XII regions of the country), and its east — to Argentina (5 southern provinces). Good size trout from a small creek The south of Patagonia is formed by an archipelago which biggest island is called Tierra del Fuego). This island is 47,000 sq kilometers — it is only a little smaller than Sakhalin, and much bigger than Taiwan or Sicily. The island is separated from the mainland by the Straight of Magellan. Salmonid fish had come to Patagonia in the end of 19 century — they were first stocked into the mountainous lakes of the Atlantic slope. Later the fish from the northern hemisphere were also stocked into the rivers of the Chilean coast, and into the waters of the Tierra del Fuego. Now you could catch here brown trout and Atlantic salmon from Europe, which share the land and waters with the North-American fish (Pacific salmon, rainbow trout, lake trout, and brook trout). Patagonian weather is described as unpredictable or even «brutal». After 6 week in the region (March and beginning of April) I can tell you that I have not seen anything brutal. The climate of the region is cool and rather mild which is caused by the proximity to two oceans. As a whole, in March 2010 the weather in the south of Patagonia was not colder than in the north-eastern Sakhalin Island in July. So, for the dwellers of Siberia or Russian Far East Patagonia is rather warm country. I remember single glass in the windows in Punta Arenas, capital of the XII region of Chile. Rare still day at the Lago Blanco It is necessary to mention the famous Patagonian winds. The wind could start any time and be dangerous even for the cars. There are stories on turned over buses and sheep lifted into the air.. Most of the winds were from the west. The wind can blow for a week in a row, so you should prepare yourself to fish in literally any weather — even if it is blowing over 20 meters per second.. On the other hand, on windy days the fish (naturally, in small waters) is biting better than in calm weather. The terrain in Patagonia is diverse. We were able to fish in treeless (pampa), in hills covered with spiny bush, in dense forests of southern beech, and in mountainous streams with cliffs and rapids. Many areas are treeless pampa In the north of Patagonia grow magnificent deciduous forests, but to the south from the 44 latitude the forests are made only out of southern beech. These are several species well adapted to the cool southern weather. When fishing in Patagonia you often feel as if in a zoo: really exotic animals are common and often not afraid of humans. Most often we were seeing guanaco — miniature camel relatives. Patagonia gees Guanaco Black-necked swans On some lakes feed thousands of flamingos Armadillo Canadian beavers stocked into fresh waters of the Tierra del Fuego are now really bad for the local forests. They flood huge areas of land and kill many trees — much more than they could eat. Rhea is rather common bird, same as swans, gees, flamingos, and penguins. King penguins at the Strait of Magellan Tasty calafate berries are protected with sharp, long spines
Now we will talk on the fish we will be catching. Out of existing trout species only two were stocked in Patagonia — brown trout and rainbow trout. Other interesting species (such as cutthroat trout) were not considered by the people who was deciding which fish to be moved to new continent. In the north of Patagonia rainbow trout is more numerous, and brown trout not as plentiful. .
Big trout could be found also in little lakes and ponds
Visa versa, in the cold South and especially at the Tierra del Fuego (TDF) Island brown trout is more numerous than rainbow. Same as in the North, the rainbow trout is here found mostly in the big lakes. In the little lakes and ponds with colored water, and in the rivers with no big lakes in a drainage the brown trout is much more numerous.
Fishing for the sea-run trout near the sea
Brown trout has wide ecological adaptations and can easily form an anadromous stocks — sea trout, which is found in many streams of Southern Patagonia. In most of them this fish is not big (up to
The Spanish name of this fish is róbalo patagónico; in English it is «rock cod».
This coastal fish is caught in the bays and estuaries in the Southern Patagonia in both oceans. It is not a rare fish which is considered an easy catch with a fly. The fishing tactic is to look for it during the coming tide, when robalo is entering river mouthes for feeding.
Robalo (image of Cristian Rodrigues)
Diverse Patagonian conditions require a whole set of fly tackle. Light rods are necessary on calm days, especially at the lakes. At the medium size streams most of the time I was using 7 weight switch rod which allows casting into the wind. At the big lakes and rivers where it is necessary to cast far the most handy tackle was a
My general fishing experience after the 6 week trip to Patagonia is that here there is no easy fishing when you could simply drive to the water edge, cast and catch good fish. In most cases it was necessary to hike a lot, and the fishing itself in many cases was rather technical and demanding. You have also keeping in mind the strong and almost constant winds. It is necessary to keep in mind that the majority of the waters in both Chile and Argentina are situated on private lands. The local fishermen are concentrated in the areas with public access — near the villages, roads, and bridges. Flyfishing is here more popular comparing with, for instance, Russia, but still the majority of the local fishermen use spin-tackle; lots of them do not release the caught fish. This make the fishing pressure in accessible areas rather strong. If you hike for some kilometers, the situation improves a lot — many local fishermen do not like to hike far. The feeding habits of the Patagonian trout make it easier quarry comparing with the fish living in Europe or North America. The local trout (especially the river-resident brown trout) is not very selective and rather opportunistic. This fish resembles me the rainbow trout in Kamchatka, lenok, or omnivorous big grayling from the northern rivers. This is why the best flies for the resident fish are big and bushy Wooly Buggers. On big rivers and especially where one target sea trout it is necessary to be a good caster and know how to present the wet fly properly. If you already have experience with Atlantic salmon or steelhead, you already know what to do.
I want to make such a conclusion: after a trip to new destination a fisherman is coming back a new person. He is now become rich not only on new impressions, but also on new fishing technics, non-standard approaches to the fish. If you have a chance to visit the Patagonia, you should use it. One of the possibilities is to come to a comfortable lodge in the Tierra del Fuego Island with access to variety of different waters with resident and sea-run trout. Interested?